Soviet Constructivist Architecture (1922-1936)

Profiles of some key works of constructivist architects in the Soviet Union during the years following the 1917 revolution and civil war. In little more than a decade, some of the most radical buildings of the twentieth century were completed by a small group of architects who developed a new architectural language in support of new social goals of communal life.

In this first installment we look at Konstantin Melnikov's personal home, known around the world as Melnikov House".


Rusakov Workers Club (1927-1928) by Konstantin Melnikov

The Rusakov Workers' Club in Moscow is a notable example of constructivist architecture. Designed by Konstantin Melnikov, it was constructed from 1927 to 1928. ...more

Svoboda Factory Club (1929) by Konstantin Melnikov

The Svoboda Factory Club, conceived as Chemists Trade Union Club, also known as Maxim Gorky Palace of Culture (Дворец культуры имени Горького) was designed by Konstantin Melnikov in 1927 and completed in 1929. ...more

Narkomzem (1928-1933) by Aleksey Shchusev

Aleksey Shchusev is popularly known as the designer of the Lenin Mausoleum. Narkomzem (People's Commissariat of Agriculture) was designed by Shchusev and built between the years 1928-1933. Narkomzem is well preserved example of Constructivist architecture that, fortunately, has escaped the wrecking ball. In fact, the building is being used today as a working ministry. ...more

Zuev Workers Club (1928) by Illya Golosov

The Zuyev Workers' Club in Moscow is a prominent work of constructivist architecture. It was designed by Ilya Golosov in 1926 and finished in 1928. The building was designed to house various facilities for Moscow workers, and utilises an innovative glazing treatment at its corner which has proved very photogenic and so the building has been seen as an iconic work of Soviet avant-garde architecture. ...more

GosPlan Garage (1934-1936) by Konstantin Melnikov

Gosplan or State Planning Committee was the committee responsible for economic planning in the Soviet Union. Gosplan Garage was designed by Konstantin Melnikov in 1932-1934. ...more

Melnikov House (1927-1929) by Konstantin Melnikov

By any standard, Melnikov House is one of the architectural masterpieces of the 20th century. Located in the Arbat, a once aristocratic quarter of Moscow, an area which was largely rebuilt after the Napoleonic fire of 1812. Melnikov's house is set well back from the street, a building of both Futurist and Classical consisting of two interlocking cylinders, the rear one taller than the front and pierced with some sixty windows: identical elongated hexagons with Constructivist glazing bars. ...more

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